Weighing the merits of premil- and postmil- eschatology with special interest in the Restoration of the House of Abraham, Isaac, and Israel. None are beholden to our views as these essays are exploratory.


In Chapter 4, Bishop Titcomb begins laying the scriptural basis for British Israelism. He reminds us the Mosaic covenant was a nigh interruption between the Abrahamic and Messianic, and we shouldn’t be too distracted by it, “In other words, although the Mosaic Law intervened, yet there was no break between the Abrahamic covenant and the Messianic.” (p. 24) Starting with elements of promise given to Abraham, Titcomb divides the chapter into three parts: “the seed”, the ‘nation’, and the ‘land’, explaining each.

Continue reading “Rt. Rev. Titcomb: From the 19th Century. Chapter 4”


The 61st chapter of Isaiah was the first lesson for our Saturday Morning Prayer as set by the American Prayer Book’s 1943 lectionary. Within this OT chapter was a number of verses describing the blessings of the coming Restoration. To help clarify these select passages. the NT reading was given as Luke 4. Here, the Lord reads the same chapter of Isaiah to the Nazarite synagogue, ending at the third verse (‘the accepted day of God’).  Jesus then closes the scroll and declares, “Today this scripture has been fulfilled”. Consequently, I’d like to understand this prophecy in the context of Luke, meaning it speaking of the believing Jews around Christ rather than omitting such solely in favor of a latter-day revelation of Lost Israel. This was standard fare during the late 18th-century. .  Continue reading “Isaiah 61:4-9 “ye shall have double””


Ran across these verses from the book of Micah while keeping up with the select readings from the 1943 American BCP lectionary. Comments from Benson and Scott communicate basic  Restorationist views or the mindset of Evangelicals of their age. What I find interesting are three things: 1) there’s no reason why Lost Israel isn’t converted with Gentiles; 2) there’s no hesitancy to identify the catholik church with Zion, and 3) there’s a strong expectation that Jewry will rejoin Israel toward the latter-days (what a detractor might call Zionist Masonry). The verse from the American Standard Version reads:

Continue reading “Micah 5:3”

Micah 5:3


This is a fourth post in a series on Bishop Jon Holt Titcomb’s evidence for British Israelism. His pamphlet is not only an argument for BI but also a defense of its methodology. Chapter 3 of his book, Message From the 19th-Century, now introduces the point that contemporary events may clarify Scripture’s prophecy regarding the fulfillment of Promises.

Continue reading “Rt. Rev. Titcomb: From the 19th Century. Chapter 3”


The Rev. William Smith, first provost of the College of Philadelphia and founder of the settlement of Huntingdon in Pennsylvania, was an American episcopalian and advocate of Westward expansion into the Ohio Valley during the colonial and revolutionary eras. Dr. Smith was fascinated by America’s role in bible prophecy. Since Identity students often treat the “Isles Afar” as referring to the British Nation, the Rev. Smith’s learned insights on the same phrase is worthwhile to mention. There is also a related question regarding what constitutes, in terms of geographic boundaries, ‘the world’. Here, Smith also offers sound thoughts. The quotes below are taken from Smith’s 1760 Sermon addressing Christian Education, delivered to the Society for the Promotion of Christian Knowledge.

Continue reading “Rev. William Smith: “Isles Afar””


This is a third entry in a series on Bishop Titcomb’s probable evidence for British Israelism. Chapter 2 of his book, Message From the 19th-Century, posits unfulfilled promises given to  Abraham, Isaac, and Israel as confirmed in both the Old and New Testament. These promises, according to Titcomb, belong to the latter Messianic dispensation.

Continue reading “Rt. Rev. Titcomb. From the 19th-Century. Chapter 2”

Rt. Rev. Titcomb. From the 19th-Century. Chapter 2


A curious reading of Esay. 7:14-16 was found upon considering the perpetuity of a Davidic line with Britain. As we might recall, the Rt. Rev. Jon Titcomb essentially rejected this view as too conjectural, requiring more belief in Legend than Scripture. So no Messiah is mistaken other than Jesus, Dr. Adam Clarke dislikes a secondary rendering. However, Mr. Joseph Benson is less restrictive, admitting with other 18th-century commentators a verse which speaks of two figures– the Christ-child, born of Mary, but also the son of Isaiah, leaving his infancy during Ahaz’s reign. Other commentators like Thomas Scott invite a double-meaning but leave more mystery. In so far as Clarke’s estimates David’s progeny extinct by reason of their diffusion among late-Jewry applicable, we may dismiss Clarke’s more rigid reckoning.

Continue reading “Isaiah 7.14-16”

Isaiah 7.14-16


Though not the Cambridge scholar as the Rt. Rev. Jon Holt Titcomb, Mr. Edward Hine was likely the greatest Victorian exponent of British Israelism, popularizing Identity teachings to large audiences and societies both in England and touring extensively in the States. Note: Hine’s Forty-seven Identifications of the British Nation with the Lost Ten Tribes of Israel (1874) is an exhaustive example of the Evidental method later used by Titcomb.

Evidently, among some Identitarians and neo-reactionaries there’s a wish to return America, or the United States, to a political (rather than merely cultural and emotional) Union with Britain. In other words, these critics would abandon, if not disparage, American Patriotism. Countering such criticisms, Hine viewed America’s continued Independence as necessary to the Identity account of Anglo-Saxon history, fulfilling Bible prophecies given to Manasseh. Defending the importance of America’ s Republicanism and her Sovereignty, Hine asserts the gravity of this particular identifier,

Continue reading “Hine’s Eighteenth-Identification”

Hine’s Eighteenth-Identification


This is a second part in a series on Jon Holt Titcomb’s Message to the Nineteenth-Century. The Rt. Rev. Titcomb served as the first Anglican bishop of Rangoon (British Burma) in 1878 and later coadjutor to English chaplaincies across Europe in 1885. He was a late-Victorian and great advocate of the Israel-Identity teaching.

Titcomb begins chapter 1 with a certain caution respecting Identity methodology. Titcomb’s warnings remain relevant, and might be marked-well even for today’s BI milieu. Quoting Dr. Wright– while speaking as a Cambridge don himself– Titcomb says,

Continue reading “Rt. Rev. Titcomb: To the 19th-Century. Chapter 1”

Rt. Rev. Titcomb: To the 19th-Century. Chapter 1


This Christmas Eve our Anglican lectionary provided morning readings from Ps. 89 and Isa. 9– the Advent season culminating in the Promise for Messianic Kingship. Among my favorite commentators, Bishop Titcomb’s opinon regarding the British Throne was quickly consulted. I was shocked to find Titcomb’s skepticism about the Davidic seat belonging to Queen Victoria and her progeny. This is surprising since the Pillar of Jacob tends to be a central BI belief– a key argument for the primacy of the British Crown over Christendom. My question remains, after examining the best commentary on Christmas Eve readings (Ps. 89 & Isa. 9), if the British Throne as part of the Davidic Promise needs to be entirely dispensed?  Continue reading “Psalm 89:3-4, v. 29, 35-36”

Psalm 89:3-4, v. 29, 35-36


As we reviewed chapter 4 in Titcomb’s book Message to the Nineteenth Century, a friend asked if the Rt. Reverend was a ‘universalist’. My answer was ‘not in any technical sense’. As a Bishop in the Church of England, Titcomb most likely believed in the universal fall of mankind by Adam’s first transgression as well as  the universal offer of redemption by Christ who was the propitiation for sins of all men.  So, if orthodox Protestantism be universalist in this sense, then so be it– Titcomb was a universalist!

Nonetheless, the term ‘universalist‘ can be (carelessly) thrown about in Identity circles without knowing the more stricter sense of it. Indeed, when I hear the accusation of ‘unversalism’, I immediately think of the Unitarian-Universalist church belief. Of course, Univeral-Unitarian belief resulted in the merger of Unitarians and Universalists in the 19th century. Unitarians tended represent the extreme political-Left of the Protestant church, and still do today.

Continue reading “Accusation of Universalism”

Accusation of Universalism


We are studying Bishop Jon Holt Titcomb’s Message to the Nineteenth Century.  The Rt. Rev. Titcomb served as the first Anglican bishop of Rangoon (British Burma) in 1878 and later coadjutor to English chaplaincies across Europe in 1885. He was a late-Victorian and great advocate of the Israel Identity message.

Preface:  Titcomb begins with the presupposition that nothing occurs in history without the purposeful hand of God behind it. Favoring a rather strong view of Providence, regarding world events Titcomb (quoting an American writer [Wild?]) says,  Continue reading “To the 19th-Century. Preface”